Boundaries imposed by “Great Powers” not by the Northland

The frozen millisphere

millisphere (noun): A discrete Canada Goose Jackets region inhabited by approximately 1000th of the total world population. Around seven million people but anywhere between 3.5 and 14 million people. A lens canada goose uk shop through which to examine human geography.

WHEN I originally built the Millisphere (pictured) canada goose coats on sale as part of a paper on the philosophy of science, it forced me to look at where people live and in the process I unearthed stories to draw on for millisphere columns.

Iceland (population 350,000) is uk canada goose too small to qualify as a millisphere; cheap canada goose uk its nearest neighbour Greenland (56,000) has even less. It is self evident that hot/sunny uk canada goose outlet countries (with lots of rainfall) can support large populations so it is not surprising that it requires all of the land and islands within the Arctic Circle, and beyond, to scrape together 3.5 million to form the millisphere I call canada goose Northland shown here in white.

Greenland at 70 per cent leads the world in the use of renewable energy (mostly hydroelectric) and 88 per cent of its population are Inuits whose “nation” extends around the north of Canada, Alaska and crosses the Bering Strait into the Russian Federation.

There are 150,000 Inuits canada goose store in total who, in 1982, for the first time, gathered at the “Inuit Circumpolar Conference”.

The reality, though, is that the Arctic is divided by boundary lines radiating from the North Pole. Boundaries imposed by “Great Powers” not by the Northland migratory hunters and gatherers who live “everywhere and nowhere”.

The effects of 19th century colonialism and 20th century militarism were profound and universal for the inhabitants canada goose black friday sale of Northland, many of whom transitioned from hunters to wage earners. Their forests were destroyed, rivers polluted, pasturelands flooded and herds dispersed. Their health canada goose clearance sale records are now poor and unemployment is high.

Domestic crime, drunkenness and suicide are three or four Canada Goose sale times the national average of their respective countries.

In 1925 Canada was the first to extend its borders northward, followed quickly by the USSR, Norway, United States, Sweden, Finland, Denmark (through Greenland) Canada Goose Coats On Sale and canada goose clearance finally Iceland. The Cold War ramped up the military impact on Northland.

In 1942 the US established an Canada Goose Online air force base at Goose Bay in northern Canada as a stop off point on the flight to Europe and then converted a vast area of “empty” land into a “Tactical Fighter Weapons Training Centre” (bombing range). Paranoid that the USSR canada goose uk outlet would send nuclear missiles over the pole, the US deployed radar stations and invited its Nato allies to practice low level flying over Innu land at Goose Bay.

By 1990 there were around 40,000 annual “practice flights” and canada goose factory sale the Innu caribou herd had halved since the invasion began.

Not to be outdone, the Soviets established the Rogachevo air base on the far north island of Nova Zembla (also called Novaya Zemlya), shifted off all the native Nenets in 1957 and used the island to test nuclear weapons. In 1961 they dropped the “Tsar Bomba”, the largest and most powerful nuclear bomb ever detonated. When testing concluded it transpired that not all Canada Goose Outlet the Nenet nomads had been evacuated.

Under the Northland ice and sea are reputed reserves of oil and natural canada goose uk black friday gas.

In retrospect the question has to be asked: Was canada goose coats it all worth it? buy canada goose jacket cheap To consume vast amounts of non renewable resources to wreak havoc on natural environments; and inhabitants living in some sort of harmony with those environments.

There Canada Goose online must be a better way.

Northland represents a millisphere dominated by nation states which are themselves buy canada goose jacket composed of millispheres.

A rule that no millisphere, or group of millispheres, should dominate Canada Goose Parka any other millisphere would be a good place to start.

When Fred Frederikse is not building, he is a self directed student of geography and traveller, and cheap Canada Goose in his spare time he is the co canadian goose jacket chair of the Whanganui Musicians’ Club.


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