16th in a case brought by the NhRP to secure the fundamental

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canada goose uk outlet Nov. 19, 2018 Albion, NY For the second time in United States legal history and the canada goose outlet online uk first time anywhere on behalf of an elephant, a judge has issued a habeas corpus Order on behalf of a nonhuman animal and scheduled a hearing to determine whether she canada goose outlet online store should be released from her imprisonment, the Nonhuman Rights Project (NhRP) announced today. canada goose uk outlet

buy canada canada goose outlet goose jacket cheap The Hon. Tracey A. Bannister of the Orleans County Supreme Court issued the Order late canada goose outlet edmonton on Friday, Nov. 16th in a case brought by the NhRP to secure the fundamental right to bodily liberty of an elephant named Happy. The Order sets Dec. 14, 2018 as the date at which oral argument will be held in the Orleans County Court to determine whether Happy should be released immediately from her imprisonment at the Bronx Zoo. buy canada goose jacket cheap

Canada Goose Outlet “We are thrilled Happy’s case is moving forward,” said Steven M. Wise, founder and president of the NhRP. “And we look forward to litigating her case on the merits on December 14th.” Canada Goose Outlet

The NhRP is seeking Happy’s immediate release from her long imprisonment in the Bronx Zoo. If she is ordered released, the NhRP will urge the Court to order her transfer to an elephant sanctuary where she can meaningfully exercise her autonomy to the greatest extent possible, including having the opportunity to live and interact with other elephants.

Canada Goose Coats On Sale Happy is a 47 year old Asian elephant who was born in the wild and imported to the US when she was a baby. In 1977 she was relocated from the Lion Country Safari in Florida to the Bronx Zoo. For the last twelve years, the zoo has housed Happy in a portion of its 1.15 acre exhibit, separated from elephants Patty and Maxine who, in 2002, fatally injured Happy’s longtime elephant companion Grumpy. In the winter, Happy lives in a cage in a holding facility. Canada Goose Coats On Sale

cheap Canada Goose Wise said world class experts have found that “Happy is an autonomous being who evolved to walk 20 or more miles a day as a member of a multi generational large social group. The entirety of the zoo’s elephant exhibit provides far less than even one percent of the space she would roam in a single day in the wild. She doesn’t belong to a social group. Her autonomy is canada goose outlet black friday thwarted daily. This has got to stop.” cheap Canada Goose

canada goose Hours before the issuance of the Order on Friday, Wise and NhRP attorney Elizabeth Stein took part by phone in a 40 minute long oral thomas-sz argument with Justice Bannister and lawyers for the Wildlife Conservation Society which operates the Bronx Zoo. canada goose

canada goose clearance “We are grateful to Justice Bannister for carefully considering our arguments as to why Happy’s case should move forward,” said Stein. canada goose clearance

uk canada goose The NhRP secured the world’s first habeas corpus hearing involving canada goose outlet store quebec a nonhuman animal in 2015 in its case on behalf of imprisoned chimpanzees Hercules and Leo, who are now residing in a sanctuary in Georgia. The organization filed its habeas corpus petition on behalf of Happy on Oct. 2nd, 2018. uk canada goose

In May of this year, New York Court of Appeals Judge Eugene Fahey wrote in a concurring opinion in the NhRP’s chimpanzee rights cases on behalf of Tommy and Kiko that “the issue whether a nonhuman animal has a fundamental right to liberty protected by the writ of habeas corpus is profound and far reaching,” and that “there is no doubt that (a chimpanzee) is not a thing.” In June, New York’s Fourth Judicial Department, of which the Orleans County Supreme Court is a part, cited to the NhRP’s case on behalf of Kiko canada goose outlet near me in People v. the capacity to bear legal rights] can and sometimes does attach to nonhuman entities like animals.”

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Some researchers argue that some animals, such as dogs, may only look for extra information when searching as a routinized, instinctual behavior, and not as a result of a metacognitive process. To control for this, Bruer and Belger tested whether dogs show the so called “passport canada goose outlet store uk effect,” originally described by researcher Joseph Call. When humans are looking for something very important, for example, a passport, they will engage in more active searching and will check for it more often than if they are canada goose outlet germany looking for something less important or generic. Great apes display this same canada goose outlet nyc behavior they will search more for a high value food. Thus, Bruer and Belger varied whether the dogs were looking for high or low value food, in order to test whether dogs also had the searching flexibility displayed in the passport effect. In another variation, they tested whether it made a difference to the dog when they had to search for a toy or for food.

The dogs “checked” more often when they did not know where the reward was hidden

The researchers found that the dogs did check significantly more often for the reward when they had not seen where it was placed. “These results show that dogs do tend to actively seek extra information when they have not seen where a reward is hidden,” explains Belger. “The fact that dogs checked more when they had no knowledge of the reward location could suggest that dogs show metacognitive abilities, as they meet one of the assumptions of knowing about knowing.”.

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